This blog is part of a series of blogs from ACE Recycling in recognition of the 50th Anniversary of Earth Day. This series focuses on changes you can make to decrease your carbon footprint, lessen your water impact and help the environment. This is done through a series of educational blogs to increase understanding of words like biodiversity. These changes are intended to be user-friendly. Being environmentally responsible has the added benefit of being healthier and more cost-effective. The goal is to create fun and engaging activities for the whole family. Simple changes to our everyday lives have big impacts on our health and the health of our planet. #EarthDay2020 #EarthRise2020 #ActsofGreen #ACERecyclingBlog #SmallChangesBigImpacts
In the second article of this series, we will look at how carbon is affecting humans as a whole. For a general rundown on carbon, read Carbon 101, the first article in this series.
It is a scientific fact that the climate is changing at an unprecedented pace caused by human activities, in the same way, that it is a scientific fact that a pencil will fall to the floor when dropped. Now we need to band together to innovate and create a solution. This common problem solving is uniquely human and one of the most potent forces on Earth. We have created civilizations from dirt, flying machines from metal forged in fire, and the internet. We have always had a significant impact on Earth and each other. This article explores some of those significant impacts.
Knowledge is Power
These impacts come from choices made by you and I, but ripple out to affect humans halfway around the world. How do your preferences have that far of a reach? Because nothing exists in a vacuum, that is to say, that everything affects everything else. It is essential to understand that humans are a part of the system and are subject to the laws of nature. Therefore, when we alter one thing, it will change something else, and those alterations will affect all life on Earth. Being a former teacher and general science nerd, I believe knowledge is power, and understanding is the first step to making conscious, deliberate choices in our everyday lives to decrease our impact. Our decisions, from the car we drive to the meat we eat, affect everything else because we are part of this big, beautiful system we call Earth.
Climate Change is Happening Now
According to the 10 New Insights in Climate Science, “The pace of contemporary rise in greenhouse gas concentrations is unprecedented in the climate history over the past 66 million years.”A warming Earth alters more than just baseline temperatures. A warmer climate changes the water cycle, (increased temperature causes evaporation) and is shifting biomes northward. We are actively, in real-time, seeing life on Earth adapt to this ever-warming climate. Migration patterns, mating seasons, harvest cycles, and many other season-linked activities are changing or have changed. Life is adjusting and adapting as it has done for millions of years. Humans are too, but most do not see the connection between climate change and societal issues. Immigration, war due to drought and famine (Arab Spring), increased energy prices, higher food costs, and more intense and far-reaching diseases, are all direct consequences of climate change.
As the temperature increases, evaporation increases, consequently putting more water into the air to act as a greenhouse gas, which in turn, further warms Earth. This phenomenon is called a feedback loop, and in “normal” circumstances, this feedback loop creates and maintains the conditions needed for life to exist. However, it can “runaway” and compound itself to the point that it will wildly swing in one direction and become irreversible. More frequent and more powerful storms in some regions and extreme drought in others are a direct effect of the altered water cycle. Both of these scenarios displace populations and change food production leading to immigration and higher food costs, respectively. Conservative estimates on the average number of people pushed into poverty each year due to flooding and drought are 26 million. Estimates show that 180 million people will be displaced by 2100 as a result of altered weather patterns.
Events once considered unlikely or rare (in terms of intensity and frequency) are becoming part of our “new normal.” The impacts of this new standard will affect all sectors of society and include increased food prices due to crop failure, health impacts from the outbreak of water-borne disease or heatwaves, and infrastructure damage from storms. All of this will cost us, both in monetary terms, but also in terms of human health and life. The changing Jet Stream is an example of this. “The jet stream – a fast-moving band of air 11 km [7 miles] up in the atmosphere – is increasingly showing signs of unusual behavior…”. It is shifting hot air circulation Northward around the globe, leading to hot African air reaching northward to France and Germany. Changing weather patterns will ultimately affect the economy of these regions, modifying what can be grown. For France, this is especially pertinent, considering they are synonymous with vineyards.
Protecting the Most Vulnerable
In these early days of climate change, the populations most affected are the world’s most vulnerable. Estimates show that poor communities are 8-32 times more sensitive to the risks of climate change. This reason alone could be the reason that the developed world is so slow to accept that the climate is changing. It is, after all, our lifestyles that are causing the most negative changes to the environment, but it is not us that are being negatively affected by that lifestyle. Yet.
Climate change is already affecting food production by reducing agricultural yields. Increasing concentrations of carbon in the atmosphere decreases the nutritional value of food. In the Western world, there is a disconnect from the source of our food. Additionally, we employ technology to fortify food with vitamins and minerals. But what we must remember is, we are the exception. Most of the world is growing their food without the help of such technologies and catching food from nature. Most of the world meets its nutritional needs through rice and fish.
Climate and Food
The oceans are taking on the brunt of the access heat on Earth. As ocean temperatures rise, fish yields decline. The global availability of protein could fall by 4.1%, iron by 2.8%, and zinc by 2.5% at carbon concentrations expected by 2050. A lack of nutritious food could affect the nutrient status of 600 million people. With reductions in productivity due to climate change and the rising food costs associated with it, many countries will be in economic and social crises. As climate change intensifies, an estimated 100 million could fall below the poverty line by 2030 and 3 billion by 2050. It will be the wealthy developed nations that are called upon to assist with the humanitarian crisis that climate change causes.
Money, Money, Money
Quite frankly, we should be the ones called upon to help those affected. The US is the second highest producer of carbon emissions, second only to China. In an ever-competitive environment, this will only get worse. It is the need for the latest, greatest thing that fuels production and waste. SUVs (which are a squarely American invention) were the second most crucial cause for increased global emissions in the energy sector (after power) between 2010 and 2018. Global emissions have increased by 35% in 5 years, and overall oil and natural gas use has increased every year, despite growing awareness of the consequences.
Why? Money, which ultimately leads to power. Four out of the five top fossil fuel investors are US-based, and four out of the five top coal investors are Chinese. Since the Paris Agreement was adopted (and unadopted by the US), 33 global banks have invested $1.9 trillion in fossil fuel companies. Another reason that we continue to emit carbon even though it is clear we shouldn’t be is straightforward: change is scary. This great country was built, literally, on coal. It is part of the American identity, and it feels as though we are betraying it when we walk away from it. The most important reason why we continue to rely on carbon-based fuel is that we, the people of America and ultimately, the world, have not demanded that we do not. We have checked out and stepped back.
Looking at it Another Way
What if, instead of seeing reducing our carbon output as an attack on our way of life, we saw opportunity? Instead, look at it as an opportunity to be healthier, more community-based, and less obsessed with material things. Use this time to re-evaluate what is important and “cut the fat.” This modern time calls for harnessing the most important human behavior – collective problem-solving. Humans excel at working together to innovate and create positive, sweeping change. I find that thrilling. It boils down to this: the species that will be most uncomfortable, most affected, most desperate as the climate changes will be humans. Life will go on without us, just as it has for millions of years. We are not the most important of the species. That idea is a subjective, human-made concept that has no basis in biological or ecological reality; we are just another life form on the planet.
The question is, how much do we care about our survival? Not you as an individual, but for us as a species. I see my fellow human beings as my tribe. If I can make a small change that will have a significant impact on them, I am willing to do it. More importantly, if I can leave my children a better, healthier planet, I absolutely will because I am a mother, and the drive to give my children “better” is innate and visceral. Everything affects everything, so I am sending out a positive ripple that I hope is felt for years to come. After all, the ripples we start are ultimately our legacy after we are gone.